Cedar Valley Christian School was founded in 1974 as an integral part of Cedar Valley Bible Church’s ministry. The elders of the church felt that, in order to fulfill their biblical responsibilities as parents, a school should be formed which would provide education from a Christian perspective. The school began with 34 students enrolled. Over the years the school increased in enrollment even though the high school program was pared to include only 9th grade from 1982–1989. Grades 10th - 12th were reintroduced to the program in 1990, creating a comprehensive program of preschool through 12th grade. High school graduation ceremonies resumed in 1993. Additions to the original building have been added to facilitate both the church and school ministries. In 1978 the west addition of the building was completed, and in 1987 the gymnasium and upstairs classrooms were finished. A ten classroom addition began in the fall of 2007 and was completed in 2008.
In the fall of 2011, Cedar Valley joined the IHSAA and IGHSAU for high school athletics and the IHSSA and IHSMA for Drama and Vocal Music. In the fall of 2013, junior high athletics joined the IHSAA and IGHSAU. Also in 2013, CVCS became a member of the Tri-Rivers conference. On June 10, 2014, Cedar Valley Christian School became fully accredited by the Association of Christian Schools International (ACSI). Today Cedar Valley Christian School serves families from many churches in the Cedar Rapids area. The ministry is directed by the elders of Cedar Valley Bible Church and the School Board and is substantially supported by the church, both financially and through direct participation.